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Haiti – Diaspora Covid-19 : Daily Report #259

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Haiti – Diaspora Covid-19 : Daily Report #259
04/12/2020 11:23:18

Haiti - Diaspora Covid-19 : Daily Report #259

WORLD SITUATION:

Friday, December 4, 2020, the number of people infected worldwide with the Covid-19 coronavirus since the start of the pandemic (Official source), amounts to 65,315,465 (+744,710 in 24 hours), the standby (+612,757), Number of contaminated countries 191 (unchanged)

Bulletin of the day before: https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-32443-haiti-diaspora-covid-19-daily-report-258.html

Since the start of the pandemic 42,022,733 people have been cured of Covid-19 around the world (+469,442 in 24 hours), the day before (+462,010)

Since the start of the pandemic 1,508,319 people have died of Covid-19 around the world (+14,015 in 24 hours), the day before (+11,853)

The number of active cases in the world (excluding deaths and recoveries) is currently 21,784,413 cases (+261,253 in 24 hours), the day before (+138,894)

World: Number of daily confirmed cases

In plateau phase since early November 2020, a new upward trend can be observed.

Average cure rate in the world: 64.34% (-)

Average death rate in the world: 2.31% (=)

TOP 5 countries with the most active cases: (less deaths and recoveries)

1st – USA: 8,466,840 cases (+137,847 in 24 hours), the day before (+100,327)

2nd – France: 2,088,631 (+10,995 in 24 hours), the day before (+12,221)

3rd – United Kingdom 1,614,586 (+14,529 in 24 hours), the day before (+5,564)

4th – Spain: 1,479,488 (+9,873 in 24 hours), the day before (+9,058)

5th – India: 416,082 cases (-6,861 in 24 hours), the day before (-5,701)

TOP 5 countries with the most deaths:

1st – USA: 276,383 deaths (+2,548 in 24 hours), the day before (+3,166)

2nd – Brazil: 175,270 deaths (+755 in 24 hours), the day before (+698)

3rd – India: 139,188 deaths (+540 in 24 hours, the day before (+526)

4th – Mexico: 108,173 deaths (+608 in 24 hours), the day before (+800)

5th – United Kingdom 60,210 (+414 in 24 hours), the day before (+648)

TOP 5 countries with the highest total number of healings:

1st – India: 9,016,289 healings (+42,916 in 24h), cure rate 94.20% (+)

2nd – Brazil: 5,792,539 healings (+33,245 in 24h), cure rate 89.29% (-)

3rd – USA: 5,404,018 people (+81,890 in 24 hours), cure rate 38.20% (-)

4th – Russia: 1,872,214 healings (+28,688 in 24h), cure rate 78.60% (+)

5th – Argentina: 1,274,675 cures (+6,317 in 24 hours), cure rate 88.05% (-)

DIASPORA:

USA:

Case since the first case (March 9, 2020): 14,147,241 cases (+222,285 in 24 hours), the day before (+199,040)

Healings: 5,404,018 people (+81,890 in 24 hours), the day before (+95,547)

National Healing Rate: 38.20% (-)

Deaths: 276,383 deaths (+2,548 in 24 hours), the day before (+3,166)

Active cases (less deaths and cures): 8,466,840 cases (+137,847 in 24 hours), the day before (+100,327)

Canada:

Cases since the start of the epidemic: 399,770 cases (+6,254 in 24 hours), the day before (+6,454)

Healings: 319,250 people (+4,721), previous (+4,972)

National Healing Rate: 79.86% (+)

Deaths: 12,423 deaths (+81 in 24 hours), the day before (+113)

National death rate: 3.11% (-)

Active cases: (excluding death and recovery) 68,097 cases (+1,462 in 24 hours), the day before (+1,369)

Canada: Number of daily confirmed cases

With 6,254 cases in 24 hours, Canada explodes the highest of the 1st phase (2,778 on April 5, 2020). In Quebec, Prime Minister François Legault, faced with a worrying epidemiological situation, announces that Quebecers living in areas on maximum alert will have to spend the end of year celebrations with their families WITHOUT VISITS.

France:

Confirmed cases since the first case: 2,309,654 cases (+12,696 in 24 hours), the day before (+14,064)

Healings: 166,909 people (+1,377 in 24 hours), the day before (+1,534)

National Healing Rate: 7.23% (+)

Deaths: 54,114 deaths (+324 in 24 hours including 0 in EMS / EHPAD in 24 hours), the day before (+309 in total)

Active cases: (excluding death and cures) 2,088,631 (+10,995 in 24 hours), the day before (+12,221)

Latin America and the Caribbean active cases (less deaths and recoveries):

Brazil: Brazil: 519,275 cases (+15,434 in 24 hours), the day before (+2,176)

Mexico: 193,239 cases (+3,758 in 24 hours), the day before (+3,701)

Argentina: 133,752 cases (+1,163 in 24 hours), the day before (+2,198)

Colombia: 72,902 cases (+1,565 in 24h), previous (+1,126)

Peru: 29,455 cases (-1,029 in 48 hours), the day before (-2,235)

Dominican Republic: 27,682 cases (+430 in 24 hours), the day before (+813)

Panama: 19,682 (+36 in 24h), the day before (+954)

French Guiana: 9,370 cases (+33 in 24 hours), the day before (+39 in 48 hours)

Chile: 9,417 cases (+458 in 24 hours), the day before (-441)

Ecuador: 12,468 cases (+958 in 24 hours), the day before (+1,142)

Guadeloupe: 7,569 cases (-2 in 24 hours), the day before (-1)

Martinique: 5,139 cases (-2 in 24 hours), the day before (-2)

Jamaica: 4,038 cases (-68 in 24 hours), the day before (-82)

Bahamas: 1,452 (+6 in 48 hours), the day before (not available)

Haiti: 984 cases (-5 in 24 hours), previous (-29)

Cuba: 625 (+19 in 24 hours), the day before (+46)

HAITI:

Epidemiological situation:

If we are to believe the Ministry of Public Health, 18 new cases of Covid-19 would have been confirmed in Haiti on December 1, 2020 (latest partial data available) for a total of 9.331 confirmed cases on the whole of the national territory since the first case (March 19, 2020 https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-30319-haiti-health-origin-of-the-first-2-cases-of-covid-19-in-haiti.html ). Previous update (+10 cases on November 30)

Healings: : 8,114 people (+23 in 24 hours), the day before (+39)

Healing rate: 86.96% (+)

Deaths: 233 deaths, unchanged since November 28, latest data available.

Death rate: 2.50% (=)

Active cases: (less deaths and recoveries) 984 cases (-5 in 24 hours), previous (-29)

Imported cases: 152 cases since the reopening of airports and +43 since the last report dated July 9 (109) https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-31348-haiti-flash-152-cases-imported-since-the-reopening-of-airports.html (Since then, this information is no longer made available)

Suspicious cases investigated since March 19: 36,913 (+197 in 24 hours), the day before (+146)

Cases tested since the start of the pandemic: 36,799 (+101 in 24 hours). Note that the very low number of people tested (screening) does not statistically make it possible to make a representative estimate of the cases of Covid-19 in Haiti.

Hospitalized people: 58 people (-2 in 24 hours on November 30)

People in intensive care: (information not available)

People currently treated at home: 396 people (+69 in 24 hours as of November 30)

Cases confirmed by department (December 1):

West: 6,246 (+)

North: 661 (+)

Artibonite: 575 (unchanged)

Center: 490 (+)

Northeast: 305 (unchanged)

South-East: 270 (unchanged)

South: 246 (unchanged)

Northwest: 224 (unchanged)

Grand’Anse: 170 (unchanged)

Nippes: 144 (unchanged)

UNITED STATES:

Epidemiological situation:

United States:

Case since the first case (March 9, 2020): 14,147,241 cases (+222,285 in 24 hours), the day before (+199,040)

Healings: 5,404,018 people (+81,890 in 24 hours), the day before (+95,547)

National Healing Rate: 38.20% (-)

Deaths: 276,383 deaths (+2,548 in 24 hours), the day before (+3,166)

National death rate: 1.95% (-)

Active cases (less deaths and cures): 8,466,840 cases (+137,847 in 24 hours), the day before (+100,327)

Tests: 197,409,766 people were tested (+1,807,951 in 24 hours) the day before (+1,444,783)

USA: Number of daily confirmed cases

Resumption of the increase in the number of new cases with 23,245 more cases than the previous day.

New York State:

Cases since the start of the epidemic: 674,093 cases (+9.855 in 24 hours), the day before (+8.973)

Healings: 86,201 people (not available), the day before (+393)

Healing rate: 12.79% (-)

Death: 34,775 deaths (+57 in 24 hours), the day before (+56)

Death rate: 5.16% (-)

Active cases (less deaths and cures): 553,117 cases (+9,798 in 24 hours), the day before (+8,524)

Tests: 19,965,164 people tested (+203,440 in 24 hours), the day before (+193,551)

State of Massachusetts:

Cases since the start of the epidemic: 240,907 cases (+6,675 in 24 hours), previous (+5,027)

Healings: 169,809 people healed (+14,336 in one week) (weekly update)

Healing rate: 70.49% (+)

Death: 10,874 deaths (+50 in 24h), previous (+56)

Death rate: 4.51% (-)

Active cases (less deaths and recoveries): 60,224 cases (-7,711 in 24 hours), the day before (+4,981)

Tests: 8,677,996 people tested (+111,734 in 24 hours), the day before (+105,845)

Florida:

Cases since the start of the epidemic (March 1, 2020): 1,029,030 cases (+10,780 cases in 24 hours), previous (+9,994)

Deaths: 18,874 deaths (+98 in 24 hours), the previous one (+97)

Death rate: 1.83% (-)

Tests: 12,735,220 (+119,339 in 24h), previous (+98,399)

Miami Dade (FL):

Cases since the start of the epidemic: 236,308 cases (+2,254), the day before (+2,293)

Death: 3,868 deaths (+8 in 24 hours), the day before (+21)

Death rate: 1.64% (-)

QUEBEC:

Epidemiological situation:

Cases confirmed since the first case (February 27, 2020):

146,532 cases (+1,470 in 24 hours), the day before (+1,514)

Healing: 126,179 people (+982 in 24 hours), the day before (+997)

Death: 7,155 deaths (+30 in 24 hours), the day before (+41)

Active cases: (excluding death and recovery) 13,198 cases (+458 in 24 hours), the day before (+476)

Hospitals: 737 people hospitalized (-3 in 24 hours) the day before (+21)

Intensive care: 99 people (+0 in 24 hours), the day before +1)

In Montreal, epicenter of the pandemic in Quebec where the largest Haitian community is located (nearly 150,000 members): 52,221 cases have been confirmed since the start of the epidemic (+373 in 24 hours), the day before (+386).

TOP 5 of the most contaminated Montreal boroughs:

1 – Côte-des-Neiges – Notre-Dame-de-Grâce: 4,432 cases (+31 in 24 hours), the day before (+40)

2 – Villeray-Saint-Michel- Parc Extension: 4,235 (+30 in 24h), the day before (+19)

3 – Montreal North: 3,991 cases (+25 in 24 hours), the day before (+16)

4 – Ahuntsic-Cartierville: 3,982 (+38 in 24h), the day before (+22)

5 – Mercier – Hochelaga-Maisonneuve: 3,843 cases (+23 in 24 hours), the day before (+13)

TOP 5 of the most contaminated regions of Quebec:

1 – Montreal: 52,221 cases (+373 in 24 hours), the day before (+386)

2 – Montérégie: 20,634 cases (+145 in 24 hours), the day before (+191)

3 – Capitale-Nationale (Quebec): 12,250 cases (+167 in 24 hours), the day before (+186)

4 – Laval: 11,824 cases (+136 in 24 hours), the day before (+224)

5 – Lanaudière: 11,619 cases (+140 in 24 hours), the day before (+112)

Province of Quebec Healing Rate: 86.11% (-)

Death rate: 4.88% (-)

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC:

Epidemiological situation:

Cases confirmed since March 1:

146,009 (+812 in 24 hours), the day before (+895). First case (March 1, 2020) https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-30165-haiti-flash-first-case-of-covid-19-in-the-dominican-republic.html

Healings: 115,992 healings since March 1 (+381 in 24 hours), the day before (+311)

Deaths: 2,335 deaths since March 1 (+1 in 24 hours), the day before (+1)

active cases: (excluding death and recovery) 27,682 cases (+430 in 24 hours), the day before (+813)

Hospital occupancy rate:

Covid- 19 beds: 788 out of 2,865 beds, i.e. 28% occupancy (+)

Intensive care beds: 183 out of 485 beds, i.e. 38% occupancy (-)

Beds with assisted ventilation: 92 out of 402 beds, i.e. 23% occupancy (+)

Top 5 of the most infected provinces (active case, less healings and deaths):

1 – National district: 6,449 cases (-10 in 24 hours), the day before (+304)

2 – Santo Domingo: 4,016 cases +147 in 24 hours), the day before (+238)

3 – Santiago: 1,719 cases (+3 in 24 hours), the day before (+48)

4 – Espaillat: 1,055 cases (-84 in 24 hours), the day before (+96)

5 – La Vega: 1,004 cases (-26 in 24 hours), the day before (+50)

Tests (since the 1st case): 732,425 tests (+4,819 in 24 hours), the day before (+6,801)

National Healing Rate: 79.44% (-)

Mortality rate: 1.60% (-)

FRANCE:

Epidemiological situation:

Confirmed cases since the first case: 2,309,654 cases (+12,696 in 24 hours), the day before (+14,064)

People hospitalized: 26,675 (-311 in 24 hours), the day before (-625)

Intensive care: 3,415 people (-63 in 24 hours), the day before (-116)

Healings: 166,909 people (+1,377 in 24 hours), the day before (+1.534)

National Healing Rate: 7.23% (+)

Deaths: 54,114 deaths (+324 in 24 hours including 0 in EMS / EHPAD in 24 hours), the day before (+309 in total)

Death rate: 2.34% (=)

Active cases: (excluding death and recoveries) 2,088,631 (+10,995 in 24 hours), the day before (+12,221)

France: Spread trend:

Situation: Downward propagation trend confirmed. However, the continued decline in the number of tests could be the cause and not the improvement of the situation.

Scientific News :

NEWS: COVID-19, new definitions in Haiti

Suspected COVI-19 case :

Anyone with a fever greater than or equal to 38 degrees Celsius, or a recent history of fever (within the past 14 days), with or without cough with or without breathing difficulties, aches, unexplained headache.

Or

Anyone with sudden changes in taste (dysguesia or ageusia) or smell (hyposmia or anosmia) without associated rhinitis.

Or

Anyone art a clinician (doctor or nurse) which suspects the Covid-19.

In children: all the above-mentioned signs and/or deterioration in general condition, diarrhea or isolated fever, especially in children under 3 months old.

Confirmed case of COVID-19 :

Any suspected Covid-19 case for which a test detects the presence of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acids regardless of signs and symptoms. All Confirmed Covid-19 Cases should be placed in institutional or residential segregation.

Recovered or declared restored case of Covid-19 :

A Covid-19 case is declared “recovered” or “reinstated” in the following situations:

Symptomatic (sick) people tested positive: at least 10 days since the disappearance of the signs of the disease with or without a new negative test (repeat of the test if possible).

Or

Asymptomatic people (not sick) tested positive: 10 days without the appearance of any sign of disease with or without a new negative test (repeat of the test if possible).

Death due to Covid-19 :

Death occurring in a confirmed case (by test or by epidemiological link) or by post mortem confirmation in the absence of any other obvious cause of death unrelated to the Covid-19 coronavirus.

SYMPTOMS :

Common symptoms of Covid-19 coronavirus: cough, fever and extreme fatigue. Some people may also have more severe symptoms, such as difficulty breathing or pneumonia. On average, symptoms of Covid-19 usually develop 5 to 7 days after infection. In some infrequent cases, they may appear only on the 12th day.

TIPS :

Basic tips to protect yourself and avoid spreading as much as possible, if Covid-19 is introduced in Haiti:

  • Always cough or sneeze into your sleeves or elbow, never on the other person’s face or in your hands;
  • Use tissues to wipe your hands or face and then throw them in the trash and then wash your hands;
  • Wash your hands frequently with soap or alcoholic water. You can also use a “sanitizer”;
  • Avoid contact with someone with influenza-like illness and invite them to seek treatment;
  • Avoid contact with vulnerable people if you are sick;
  • Avoid greetings like handshakes and kisses;
  • Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth if you have not washed your hands;
  • Avoid people gathering.


Yesterday report :

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-32443-haiti-diaspora-covid-19-daily-report-258.html

See also :

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-31426-haiti-flash-evaluation-of-traditional-haitian-remedies-against-covid-19.html

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-31143-haiti-flash-the-number-of-covid-19-cases-increased-by-more-than-600-in-one-month.html

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-31113-haiti-flash-reopening-of-the-international-airport-official-date.html

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-31055-haiti-flash-new-protocol-for-the-return-of-stranded-haitians-in-france.html

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-30966-haiti-covid-19-medecin-sans-frontiere-sounds-the-alarm.html

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-30901-haiti-flash-state-disbursements-report-to-fight-against-the-covid-19.html

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-30843-haiti-flash-presidential-decree-setting-the-general-rules-for-protecting-the-population-from-covid-19.html

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-30827-haiti-covid-19-the-state-of-health-emergency-extended-by-2-months.html

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-30679-haiti-notice-mask-wearing-mandatory-in-public-places.html

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-30573-haiti-ovid-19-the-distribution-of-5-million-masks-has-started.htm

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-30454-haiti-flash-covid-19-first-death-in-haiti.html

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-30401-haiti-covid-19-president-moise-announces-a-package-of-economic-relief.html

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-30311-haiti-flash-president-moise-declares-a-state-of-health-emergency-text-of-the-order.html

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-30218-haiti-flash-haiti-among-the-most-vulnerable-countries-face-the-covid-19.html

https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-30165-haiti-flash-first-case-of-covid-19-in-the-dominican-republic.html

HL/ HaitiLibre

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DHS reviewing humanitarian protections for Haitians and others in the US

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The acknowledgment comes amid growing pressure from lawmakers and advocates to redesignate Haiti for Temporary Protected Status, a form of humanitarian relief, which can be granted when it is deemed unsafe to return to one’s home country.

Mayorkas said country conditions are “very much under review,” with respect to Haiti and other countries with a lower profile, indicating that the US is also looking at Cameroon and Mauritania for possible protection.

“We’re very mindful of the fact that the conditions in those countries deserve our close review. And that review is well underway,” he said at the UCLA Center for Immigration Law Policy conference Friday.

The Biden administration has already granted protections for Venezuela and Myanmar, marking a shift from the Trump administration, which had sharply criticized TPS and moved to terminate protections the program had provided for immigrants from other countries, arguing that years of extensions were prolonging immigrants’ stays in the United States long after crises abroad had abated.

Nearly 500 advocates, human rights activists, and nonprofit organizations sent a letter this week to the White House calling for the Biden administration to re-designate TPS for Haitians living in the US.

“The Trump Administration tried to end TPS for Haitians, many of whom have been on the frontlines during the coronavirus pandemic and keeping the United States moving forward as our healthcare workers and caregivers, transportation workers and farm workers,” the letter said. “It is imperative that the Biden Administration make things right and redesignate TPS for Haiti immediately.”

Earlier this month, Democratic Rep. Albio Sires of New Jersey and Republican Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart of Florida sent a letter to Mayorkas detailing the unsafe issues in Haiti, like food insecurity, gender-based violence and political instability.

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Charly Pierre opens Fritai, Haitian restaurant, in Treme | Food and drink | Gambit Weekly

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In 1809, more than 10,000 Haitians fleeing the revolution taking place in their country came to New Orleans, doubling the city’s population. The similarity between the two cultures is profoundly robust, overlapping in areas from music to history and architecture. But nowhere is the sisterhood more apparent than on the plate.

Thanks to a shared cultural root system drawn from French, Spanish and African cultures, many Haitian dishes track with iconic New Orleans specialties.

“We have gumbo, red beans and rice, Creole sauces,” says chef Charly Pierre, who is Haitian American. Pierre was born in the Boston area, but is anchored to Haiti on both parents’ sides and grew up visiting the island every year, he says.

Pierre is opening Fritai, his first brick-and-mortar restaurant, at 1535 Basin Street, close to N. Claiborne Avenue on the edge of Treme. It’s an expansion of what started as a pop-up and soon became a food stall in St. Roch Market. A mix of modern and traditional Haitian cuisine, Fritai showcases Pierre’s fine dining chops while staying resolutely simple and true to the island’s heart and soul.

Once it opens in the next few weeks — he’s still waiting on some permitting and inspections — Fritai will offer many of the same dishes Pierre featured at the market, spotlighting common ingredients like watercress and oxtail and making frequent use of epis, the Haitian version of the Louisiana holy trinity or Hispanic sofrito. Beyond bell pepper, onion and celery, epis is rich with green onion and herbs like cilantro and parsley and spiked with garlic and Scotch bonnet peppers.

“We use it on everything, including roasted fish and beans,” Pierre says.

The 32-year-old chef came to New Orleans six years ago after going to culinary school and cooking in and around Boston. He made a splash early in his career as a winner on Food Network’s “Chopped.”

One of Pierre’s favorite homey menu dishes is smoked fish pasta, just called spaghetti by Haitians. “We even eat it for breakfast,” he says. The popular street food is a sauté of smoked herring with epis and tomato paste, tossed with homemade pasta instead of typical dried spaghetti.

Epis is the base of a vinaigrette for a watercress and shaved mirliton salad, studded with candied plantains and shaved red onion. The menu features plenty of vegetarian and vegan options, like the root veggie fritter made with malanga, spices and herbs and served with a side of pikliz, a spicy relish mixture of cabbage, carrot and pickle.

The menu will offer a pan-roasted fish, usually red snapper, or whatever’s freshest, rubbed with epis and roasted until crispy, with red beans, plantain and Creole sauce on the side. A simple stewed Creole chicken is kissing cousins to the smothered chicken served by home cooks here in New Orleans. A griot po-boy is like a crispy cochon de lait, topped with pikliz and served with plantain chips.

Fritai, in the space where Kermit Ruffins operated his Speakeasy for a minute, has a lounge vibe, with dim lighting, banquettes, a corner bar and side lounge area outfitted with a Haitian symbol that you won’t find in too many pubs. “I got this in Mississippi,” says Pierre, gesturing with pride to an old school console cabinet television. “We had one, my aunts had one – when it stops working you put lace on it and it becomes a table. So Haitian.”

The rum-forward bar program is led by beverage manager Ian Julian, who has worked around town from Dominique’s on Magazine to Hilton Riverside. Besides classic cocktails like French 75s and Sazeracs, he’s mixing up tropical sips, such as the Fritai house Pimm’s fruit cup, spiked with booze-marinated melon, mango and papaya. A weekly happy hour between 4 p.m. and 6 p.m. is in the works.

Pierre lived in the Treme for a few years before moving to the Bayou St. John area. “I saw investment money going Uptown, but around here, not so much,” he says. “This is an old-school Black neighborhood and my neighbors are great. When I first visited New Orleans in 2009, I knew this was my city. I feel at home here.”


Fritai

1535 Basin St.; Instagram, @fritainola

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Small-scale farmers in remote areas of Haiti receive help for food production and COVID-19 – Haiti

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Rome, 4 May 2021 – The Government of Haiti and the International Fund for Agricultural Development of the United Nations (IFAD) today signed a financing agreement for a project that will help Haitian farmers recover from the impact of Covid-19 and increase staple food production. The project will kickstart rapid recovery of agricultural production and incomes by rehabilitating small-scale irrigation systems —a basic necessity in a country badly hit by climate change—provide essential agricultural inputs, and help increase farmers’ resilience.

The Emergency Project for Strengthening the Resilience of Small Farmers to the Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic (PURRACO, by its French acronym) is a US$ 5.8 million project ($ 5million from IFAD; $ 0.5 million from the Haitian Government and a beneficiaries’ in kind contribution of $ 0.3 million). It will benefit 3,250 poor rural households (around 13,000 people, half of whom will be women and 30 per cent youth).

“IFAD has been committed for many years to improving Haitian family farmers’ lives. In this difficult time the Fund is stepping up to help them recover from the impact of the pandemic, restart their communities’ economies and build the resilience to face future health and other emergencies”, said Rossana Polastri, IFAD’s Director for Latin America and the Caribbean.

PURRACO will target the four Haitian departments most affected by food insecurity due to structural fragilities, recently aggravated by COVID-19 impacts: the Northwest, the Northeast, the Central and the South Departments. It will be implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Rural Development (MARNDR).

PURRACO’s will help households recover, increase their production to pre-Covid-19 levels, and access markets, building food security with enhanced efficiency in agricultural production. At the same time, short-cycle animal husbandry (hens, pigs and goats) will increase the availability of animal protein in these remote rural areas, compensating for historic nutritional deficiencies.

Other IFAD operations are also providing support to rural Haitians. Earlier this year, IFAD announced the start of AGRI-digitalization, a project that will enable 132 rural savings cooperatives and 86 producers’ organizations across Latin America and the Caribbean (22 of them Haitian) to enhance their financial services and to market their products online.

The ongoing Agricultural and Agroforestry Technological Innovation Programme (PITAG, in French acronym) is a US$ 90 million joint investment involving funds from IFAD, the Government of Haiti, the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). It aims to spread the adoption of sustainable agricultural technologies; the project is achieving significant progress in the South Department, where IFAD financing is concentrated.

PURRACO is part of a broader response orchestrated by the Ministry of Agriculture to address the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. In a coordinated multi-donor effort, several other UN agencies and international financial institutions (IFIs) are contributing to this plan, whose main objectives are to relaunch agricultural production, fishing and aquaculture and to secure physical, economic and social access to food.

Since IFAD started its engagement with Haiti in the 1980s, the Fund has invested in 10 projects in the country with a total value of $ 276.51 million ($ 125.21 million from IFAD funds), benefitting 103,315 families.

Press release No.: IFAD/18/2021

*IFAD invests in rural people, empowering them to reduce poverty, increase food security, improve nutrition and strengthen resilience. Since 1978, we have **provided US$23.2 billion in grants and low-interest loans to projects that have reached an estimated 518 million people. **IFAD is an international financial institution and a United Nations specialized agency based in Rome – the United Nations food and agriculture hub.*

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Meet Newly Matched Jean-Luc Rolland: The Journey from Haiti… : Neurology Today

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By Jamie Talan

April 15, 2021


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Jean-Luc Rolland came to live in the US after the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. He worked as a phlebotomist, medical assistant, and chemist while he waited to become a permanent US citizen and qualify for student loans. He discusses his journey from Haiti to the US to his match in neurology at Johns Hopkins.

Jean-Luc Rolland’s interest in medicine began when he was around 6 years old, when his father, a physician, would bring him to the hospital where he tended the sick. He recalled the many times throughout his childhood when people would come up to his dad and thank him for saving their lives. He would come to understand his father’s critical thinking skills and his high dose of compassion—and that was inspiration enough to follow him into medicine.

Then in 2010, an earthquake in Haiti, where he was born and raised, altered his and his family’s life immeasurably. The disaster killed hundreds of thousands of Haitians, including Jean-Luc’s 21-year-old brother. The family didn’t know how the country would move forward. His parents sent Jean-Luc and his two younger sisters to live with an uncle in the United States. Jean-Luc was in his senior year of high school when they moved to Fort Lauderdale. He finished his senior year at a private school there.

He took his father’s lessons with him. It was easy. He gravitated to science. He went to college in North Carolina and after graduation worked as a phlebotomist, medical assistant, and chemist while he waited to become a permanent US citizen and qualify for student loans. He applied and was accepted into the Morehouse School of Medicine in Atlanta. His experience in a hospital laboratory left him thinking about a career in pathology. But then his third year began and his work with patients shifted his thinking.

“I wanted a human connection,” he said. That came very quickly. His first clinical experience was a man who had arrived to the emergency department at night following a minor traffic accident He complained of trouble seeing, and a neurology consult was ordered. The neurologist found a complete right-sided visual field deficit. The next morning, Jean-Luc arrived and listened to the sign-out and looked at the brain scan and pinpointed a lesion in the occipital lobe. That led them to discover metastatic lung cancer that had spread to his brain. Intravenous steroids improved his vision and cognitive state.

“It was at that moment that I understood the connection between his presentation and the brain lesion,” said Jean-Luc. “I felt I could literally see inside his brain, even though we can’t.”

He had always thought that neurologists could diagnose but that the treatments were limited. “That is just not true,” he said.

During medical school, he and his colleagues started an organization called Haiti Konbat Maladi dedicated to helping communities in Haiti improve health outcomes and get the services they need. They have been providing medical supplies to local hospitals in Haiti, and partnering with local hospitals, schools, and community centers to develop educational resources and health care for the locals with hopes of breaking the cycle of poverty.

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“Being able to say that I am a neurology resident is so meaningful to me and to my family. We arrived to the US in such a brutal way and my parents have always pushed us to do whatever we wanted to do—but to make a difference in the world.”—JEAN-LUC ROLLAND

He matched into a neurology residency at Johns Hopkins Medicine. Jean-Luc’s wife, Dominique Guillaume-Rolland, is working on her PhD at Hopkins, where she is a Global Women’s Health Fellow. Dominique, who is also Haitian, grew up in the U.S. They met through a friend and they quickly realized how many connections they had. Her grandfather was his dad’s attending in Haiti. Their mothers worked at the same bank.

“Being able to say that I am a neurology resident is so meaningful to me and to my family. We arrived to the US in such a brutal way and my parents have always pushed us to do whatever we wanted to do—but to make a difference in the world.”

Jean-Luc connected with his parents by Facetime on Match Day and they read the letter together. “My mom cried for a good ten minutes, and then cried some more.”

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Haiti News

The lords of Port-au-Prince and their DOA referendum

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By Garry Pierre-Pierre | The Conversation

When Haiti’s constitution was ratified in 1987, the country was emerging from a decades long dictatorship. The writers vowed then to make sure there would be no opportunity for the country to slide back into another authoritarian regime. 

One of the first clauses written was term limits. A president cannot serve two consecutive terms and can only hold office twice. The Constitution was so laden with clauses aimed at the Duvalier regime that some critics felt it was too emotional and lacked legal vision to guide the country as it transitioned to a democratic system.

The slogan of the day was “Makout pa la dann” or “No Makout in it.” I was amused because at that point, Makoutism was so systemic and ingrained in the fabric of Haitian society that to expel Makouts would have been to cast aside more than 75% of the population. We had become zombified under the Makout system. 

Now, here we are taking another revision of the Constitution, and this time it is even messier than the last rodeo. President Jovenel Moïse decided a couple of years ago that it was time to revisit the clauses in the Constitution and make it a fairer and better legal roadmap for the country and its citizens everywhere.

The government has been emphasizing that under its proposed revision, the Diaspora would finally get its rights restored by lifting legal restrictions that forbade them from being able to vote, running for office themselves and owning property. 

You’d think there wouldn’t be much of a pushback from something like this. This sounds terrific, I would argue. Well not quite. 

A DOA referendum

This referendum is dead on arrival. Even within PHTK, as the ruling party is known, there is no unanimity. The U.S. State Department doesn’t support it. The opposition doesn’t think much of it. The population loathes it. The Diaspora doesn’t know much about it. 

According to former Chamber of Deputies member Jerry Tardieu, what Moise is proposing will appear in electoral laws and not be codified in the constitution, which renders them meaningless. 

“In both form and substance, the process that led to the drafting of this new constitution is causing problems,” Tardieu wrote in an opinion column. “It leads us towards chaos and instability especially as it aims to put all the powers in the hands of a president-king to the detriment of the legislative and judicial powers.”

If the former representative of Petion-ville is right,  this referendum is as stiff as a used rubber band. Furthermore, the most profound changes revolve around the presidency and its power. There are clauses about impeachment. You can’t impeach the president if he violates the law. He can only be reprimanded. You can’t hold him or her accountable on so many fronts. 

And to think, back in 1987, Haitian constitutionalists went through pains to ensure that dictatorships would ever be repeated in our history. 

While those accusations have been bandied about loudly on the streets of Haiti’s cities, I believe that this referendum is a ruse for the current regime. It is a blatant effort to buy themselves a get-out-of-jail-free card meant to inoculate them from any past or current grift committed. Donald Trump would be proud and envious of them. But more on that in another conversation. 

A losing battle

The reality is that few people would dispute that the constitution needs an upgrade and adapt to fit the 21st-century realities and beyond. At the time of the 1987 writing, the emotions were raw.

Now, the central question remains why this constitutional review is so controversial. To begin with, there is a lack of transparency. The government is playing defense and as the saying goes, “If you’re playing defense, you’re losing.” They are losing.

It begs another question: Are Haiti’s current political woes the result of a weak constitution or due to weak governance. You can draft the perfect constitution, but without good governance, it will go to waste. If you’re dishonest or devious, you can game the best system. 

In November 2019, I was in Haiti reporting on the then-upcoming 10-year anniversary of the earthquake, which has now come to define Haiti in the eyes of the international community. I interviewed a young activist who was instrumental in organizing some of the protests that locked down the country. 

I asked him what’s the end game for his movement and his thoughts about this country’s future. He told me that the country lacked good governance and that Haiti’s centralized form of government is unsustainable. There are no governors, the country is broken into 10 departments (which are like states in the U.S.), so there is no one controlling local budgets. Decisions are handed down from the capital. 

He said a system under which a governor can make decisions for his or her department would be more manageable because accountability would rest on local officials who would  manage their own budget. Under this system, he told me, departments would compete, and the competition in turn, would lead to a better country where decisions are not dictated from the lords of Port-au-Prince. 

He does make a cogent argument. 

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