Anguilla’s Fishers Share First-Hand Knowledge About Climate Change and its Impact

By Jewel Fraser

PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad,
Wednesday April 10, 2019 (IPS) –
Fishers in Anguilla saw posted
on Youtube a video they helped produce that depicts the impacts of climate
change on their industry. Titled “Anguilla’s Fishing Dilemma”, the
four-and-a-half minute video highlights some of the main challenges Anguilla’s
92 licensed fishers face in earning a living.

Kenyetta Alord, one of the fishers who worked on the video, told IPS that the video was important to “demonstrate to people that you definitely need help.” He and several other fishers produced the video as part of a workshop sponsored by the UK’s Darwin Plus project for climate change adaptation in fisheries. Darwin Plus helps Britain’s overseas territories, including those in the Eastern Caribbean such as Anguilla, by funding projects in the areas of conservation and environmental sustainability.

The workshop, which ran in late
December, was conducted by the Trinidad-based Caribbean Natural Resources
Institute (CANARI) and Anguilla’s Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources.
“It was part of a campaign of mobilising the knowledge fishers have to get them
and the agencies that support them to start taking action on climate change,”
said Dr. Ainka Granderson, senior technical officer and manager of CANARI’s
Climate Change and Risk Reduction Programme.

Twenty-five participants
attended the workshop, including delegates from the Anguilla National Trust,
dive operators, and government agencies that work in fisheries and marine
resource management, Granderson said.

“The idea is that there
is a lot of local knowledge about the impacts [of climate change] that have not
been tapped into by the authorities,” she said. “So the workshop was to get [participants]
thinking about how they can share their knowledge and raise awareness about
these specific aspects.”

Granderson said fishers often may not have “a clear voice” when it comes to decision making with regard to the fishing industry. The workshop on communications using participatory videos was designed to help them “say what are their priority needs and what are the actions they would like to see to build their resilience.”

Dr. Ainka Granderson, manager of the Caribbean Natural Resources Institute’s climate change programme in Trinidad and Tobago. (Credit:Jewel Fraser/IPS)

The fishing industry is
important for Anguilla’s economy, said Director of Anguilla’s Department of
Fisheries and Marine Resources Kafi Gumbs. She told IPS via e-mail that the
fishing industry is “the second highest revenue generator” for Anguilla.
“Besides revenue, it forms an important part of the locals’ diet and culture.”

She said authorities in
Anguilla were concerned that the impacts of climate change could lead to the
collapse of the fishing industry and related ecosystem services. In addition,
her department was concerned about possible migration “and/or no or delayed
migration” of some pelagics; sea level rise; loss of calcium carbonate plants
and animals such as conch and lobster, the latter being Anguilla’s main
fisheries export; as well as damage to reefs and water inundation, since “a lot
of the hospitality businesses which the local fishers depend on are along the
coast.”

The fishers also feel
the impacts of climate change in the form of rougher seas, said Granderson, that
seriously reduce the number of days they are able to fish. “Snow storms in the
U.S. produce groundswells, making very rough sea conditions. Every two weeks
there are days when they cannot go out. It is an ongoing issue.”

Alord confirmed that
rough seas pose a major challenge for local fishers. “Now you have to wait at
least a month or two before you go out. Before, there were calm days in every
month,” he said. But “now we have to wait two months to go out, so we are
earning a lot less.”

And because of the
increasing fishing effort required, due in part to the effects of climate
change, fishers also have to go further out to sea, greatly increasing their
fuel costs. “Fuel is incredibly expensive on these small islands, which rely on
fossil fuel. They spend a lot of money,” Granderson told IPS.

Alord told IPS that his
boat, which carries a crew of three, routinely spends hundreds of dollars on
fishing trips in one week.

He said the training in
video production was valuable for helping the fishers to showcase their
concerns. It helped them appreciate the importance of identifying a target
audience for their video, as well as helped them in crafting their message in
the most effective way.

Alord said, “We had to
show why we need these things in place. We have to present the videos in the
most [graphic] way where we definitely have to make them understand what we are
saying.”

Granderson said the
workshop training was successful partly because most of the fishers in Anguilla
are young.” Because of that they were very accustomed to using Youtube. There
was already a fisher who has his own Youtube channel that everybody follows, so
they were tech savvy and used to using video,” Granderson said.

She said she was pleased with the response of the Anguillan fishers and their turnout for the workshop, which was unusually high.” There are a lot requests for their time, so there is a lot of stakeholder fatigue.” She added that the quality of the video produced was also superior to that of other participatory videos CANARI had done over the years. “We will do an official launch next week….The feedback was generally very positive,” Granderson said.

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