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Local Innovation Facilitates Solidarity-Based Biogas Networks in Cuba

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Alexander López Savrán, a 32-year-old engineer who innovated the standard fixed-dome biodigester to make it possible to create distribution networks from materials readily available in Cuba, stands next to one of these systems in the rural town of La Macuca, in Cabaiguán, Cuba. (Credit: Jorge Luis Baños/IPS)

HAVANA, Cuba, Tuesday
January 8, 2019 (IPS)
– Black plastic pipes, readily available on the mainly empty
shelves of Cuba’s shops, distribute biogas to homes in the rural town of La Macuca,
buried under the ground or running through the grass and stones in people’s
yards.

The strong blue flame in the
kitchens of the eight homes supplied by producer Yuniel Pons is thanks to
engineer Alexander López Savran, who innovated the standard fixed-dome
biodigester to create distribution networks with the few basic materials
available in this Caribbean island nation.

“A
new biodigester has been designed to obtain pressure, which means that biogas
can be distributed more than five kilometres away without the need for a
compressor or blower. That is where the innovation lies,” the engineer, who
lives in the city of Cabaiguán, capital of the municipality of the same name,
where La Macuca is located, in the central province of Santi Spíritus, told IPS.

López, 32, made headlines in
2017 when he received the Green Latin America Award in Ecuador, and the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology included him among the 35 young Latin
Americans whose innovations improved the lives of their communities.

With
a long-standing movement of biogas promoters and current regulations for
private pork production favourable to its expansion, Cuba faces the challenge
of creating efficient distribution networks to further exploit this ecological
resource and raise the quality of life of rural localities, amidst an anemic
economy.

“We
started by taking a close look at the problem,” López recalled. “We had
pork-raising centres that needed biodigesters, but the volume they were going
to produce would be much greater than the consumption of those state
facilities. On the other hand, we didn’t have the equipment to be able to
distribute it.”

This
fuel arises from the decomposition of organic matter, especially cattle manure
and human faeces. But on many farms with biodigesters there is a surplus of
methane gas which, if not used, puts pressure on the equipment and is often
released into the atmosphere, contributing to pollution.

In
addition, biogas is most efficient for cooking because up to 70 per cent of the
energy is lost when it is used to generate electricity or fuel a vehicle.

“Two
factors were considered: we had too much energy and there are difficulties in
cooking food in the communities due to deficits in access to energy or
electricity costs,” López said, referring to the dependence of most Cuban
households on electric appliances.

After two years of study and design, López came up with the first prototype, which over time “has changed structurally to gain in efficiency, durability and performance,” he said, when interviewed by IPS in Pons’ home, where Pons lives with his wife Sandra Díaz and their son.

Sandra Díaz regulates the flame in her kitchen, which uses biogas from the innovative biodigester installed on her family’s land, in La Macuca, Cabaiguán, in the province of Santi Spíritus, in central Cuba. (Credit: Jorge Luis Baños/IPS)

Most of the biodigesters
designed by López have been built as part of the Biomás Cuba project, which is
coordinated by the state-run Indio Hatuey Experimental Pasture and Forage
Station, located in the province of Matanzas, with support from the Swiss
Agency for Development and Cooperation.

This
initiative, which seeks to bring about energy sustainability in the Cuban
countryside, provides part of the inputs, while the producer provides another
part, to build the biodigester, which with fixed-dome technology is expensive
because it requires a large volume of building materials but is compensated
with distribution and 40 years of durability.

López
estimated that his 10-cubic-meter biodigester costs the equivalent of $1,000 in
Cuba, but with an efficiency equal to that of a standard 15-cubic-metre
biodigester. Less profitable are the polyethylene biodigesters, which cost
about 800 dollars, serve just one home and have a useful life of up to 10
years.

So
far, 10 biodigesters have been built with this local innovation in four
localities of Cabaiguán: El Colorado (two), Ojo de Agua (one), Juan González
(six) and La Macuca (one), which supply 102 homes and improved the lives of 600
people, saving 65 per cent of electricity consumption per household.

And
the technology was also replicated in Matanzas, although the engineer lamented
the lukewarm reception by decision-makers with respect to the biodigester,
which could contribute to the national plan for renewable energies to provide
24 per cent of electric power by 2030, compared to just four per cent today.

In
well-equipped corrals, Pons keeps between 100 and 150 pigs behind his house as
part of an agreement between state companies and private producers that in 2017
produced a record 194,976 tons, which did not, however, meet the demand of the
country’s 11.2 million inhabitants. And that total was apparently not surpassed
in 2018.

“Three
years ago I had a big mess with animal waste, until I sought advice and began
to make biogas,” recalled the producer, who is supported by Biomás. “We are
working on expanding the corrals so that another biodigester can benefit 15
more families, who have already been selected.”

Farmer Yuniel Pons and his wife Sandra Díaz stand next to the biodigester installed by their house, which with its innovative system supplies energy to the kitchens of eight homes in La Macuca, a rural settlement in the municipality of Cabaiguán, in central Cuba. (Credit: Jorge Luis Baños/IPS)

After lighting the gas stove in his kitchen, Diaz, a homemaker, explained that “cooking food like this is faster, it’s wonderful… I used to cook with an electric hotplate and pressure cooker, but they were almost always broken,” she said.

The
network reaches the modest home of Denia Santos and her family, who live next
door to Pons. “Now I cook with biogas and I also use it to boil (disinfect)
towels and bedding, something I did with firewood that I would chop up myself,”
said Santos, who takes care of her mentally disabled son.

Other
benefits described by families who have biogas are that it is a better way to
cook food for their animals and boil water for human consumption, and that it
generates a stronger sense of community as everyone is responsible for
maintaining the biodigester.

José Antonio Guardado, national
coordinator of the Movement of Biogas Users, which emerged in 1983 and today
has more than 3,000 members spread throughout almost all of Cuba’s provinces,
said he was happy with the trend in Cuban agriculture to create solidarity
biogas networks.

Guardado
told IPS that there is “greater awareness, political support and participative
activities in the context of local development,” although obstacles to
distribution persist because “materials in the market are not optimal,
sufficient or affordable” and “there is a lack of institutional infrastructure
to provide this service in an integrated manner.”

Meanwhile,
in El Cano, outside of Havana, the solidarity plans of farmer Hortensia Martínez
have come to a halt despite the fact that she used her own resources to build a
biodigester with a traditional fixed 22-cubic-meter dome on her La China farm,
to supply the farm itself and share with five neighbouring homes.

“Now I plan to give it a boost, but we haven’t been able to implement it because we don’t have the connections to the community’s houses and it has valves, special faucets and a type of hose that makes it possible to bury the network underground,” the farmer, who is well-known for her community projects, especially targeting children, told IPS.

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Cash Flow Rinse Presents “Dancehall New Products” Mixtape 2021

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cash flow rinse dancehall new products mixtape 2021

Enjoy a free and new dancehall mixtape brought to you by Cashflow Rinse, titled “Dancehall New Products” Mixtape.

A non stop dancehall mix that will keep you company for a whole hour featuring the hottest singles and artists making the rounds in Jamaica right now.

CashFlow new mixtape opens up with one of the hottest single of the season, Vybz Kartel and his student Tommy Lee, both incarcerated, performing the latest “Dark Ages’ and goes on with Intence, more Vybz Kartel, Sheneil Muir, Alkaline Top Prize, Romain Virgo, Konshens, more Sparta, Popcaan, Mavado, Chronic Law, Kranium, Skillibeng, Demarco’s newest You Me Love and many more  top artists and top  songs, check the full track list play the mix and turn it up.

Available for free stream and free download, get the latest anthems in dancehall music clicking on the download button posted below or download directly from the audio player.

2021 DANCEHALL NEW PRODUCTS MIXTAPE BY CASHFLOW RINSE

DANCEHALL NEW PRODUCTS MIX TRACK LIST

DWNLD NEW DANCEHALL PRODUCTS CASH FLOW RINSE MIX 2021


1.VYBZ KARTEL FT TOMMY LEE –
2.10TIK – ROLL DEEP
3.AGENT DI REALEST – OLD 38 [DUB]
4.MAESTRO DON – LOADED
5.INTENCE – NUTN
6.VYBZ KARTEL – EVERY HUSTLER
7.YAKASTA – AMBITIION
8.INTENCE – INTENCE VS TASHAWN
9.INTENCE – YAH NOW
10.ALKALINE – TOP PRIZE
11.LAVISCH – LIKKLE FAITH
12.JODY LEE – RIGHT NOW
13.JAE PRYNSE – CONFERENCE
14.J DON HEIGHTS – BOSS CHICK
15.VYBZ KARTEL – NO ONE CAN STOP IT
16.SHANEIL MUIR – TRUTH
17.KONSHENS – CANT STAY SOBER


18.ROMAIN VIRGO – POV
19.TOMMY LEE – WEH U WOULDA DO
20.INTENCE – HATERS
21/HYDAL – ONE MORE
22.CHRONIC LAW – COLD STORIES
23.MAVADO – NEVER GIVE UP
24.POPCAAN – RELEVANT
25.TEEJAY – RICH
26.RYGIN KING – DANCEHALL BADDEST THING
27.KRANIUM – OPTION
28.SKILLIBENG FT TOIAN – STOP THE TALKING
29.VYBZ KARTEL FT LISA HYPE – IRREPLACEABLE
30.POPCAAN – WINE ALL DAY


31.DEMARCO – YOU ME LOVE
32.VERSHON – BUS IT WIDE OPEN
33.DETERMINE – SEND IT BACK A YARD
34.JAHVILLANI – FREAKY BITCH
35.SUPRYZE – CALL IN
36.IBA MAHR – WHEN YOU’RE ALONE
37.TACO WARFARE – BANGING
38.RYTIKAL – LIVING
39.MAVADO – WE NAH LISTEN
40.CHRONIC LAW – 6IX EAGLE
41.PHANTOMM – GEEK [DUB]
42.Kevanii – Just Ballistic [DUB]
43.Prestige -JudgeMent[DUB]
44.ReniGad – Brave [DUB]
45.Kacique – Untamed [DUB]
46.JAH VINCI – BASIC
47.TEEJAY – YOUNG RICH
48.TEEJAY – YAAD MAN TING
49.TARUS RILEY – LIKE THAT


50.MOYANN FT SHENSEEA – NO LIMIT
51.GOVANA – BEST FRIEND
52.CHRONIC LAW – WATCH MAN
53.LIA CARIBE – UPPIE
54.VYBZ KARTEL – BEAUTIFUL HUMAN
55.SHANEIL MUIR – STOP IT
56.CHARLY BLACK – IT A WORK
57.CHAM – LOCK DOWN
58.JAH VINCI – POPUAR DEMAND
59.DEJOUR – DREAM
60.TEEJAY – WATER TRUCK
61.MAESTRO DON FT DYANI – SENRITA
62.KONSHENS FT SPICE – PAY FOR IT
63.LINCOLN 3DOT – VIBES
64.RUPTION – FROM THAT PLACE [DUB]
65.GOVANA – BIG DREAMS
66.MAVADO FT I VOLTAGE – NEVER GO WIN

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Shenseea Stefflon Don “Rebel” Remix Good Good Productions 2021

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Shenseea Stefflon Don “Rebel” Remix Good Good Productions 2021 | MISS GAZA












shenseea rebel remix zum stefflon don good good productions 2021

Always trending Jamaican female superstar Shenseea joined forces with Stefflon Don and Zum of Good Good Productions in “Rebel Remix”

Shenseea a rebel herself released a soundtrack for all the boss ladies out there that cant be troubled with the nonsense!

This track is a good vibes dancehall anthem for strong woman everywhere and the remix is going really strong receiving a lot of good feedback and over all great views and replays.

Shenseea, real name Chinsea Lee, gained recognition after remixing popular Vybz Kartel’s song “Loodi” and performing on a side stage at Reggae Sumfest in 2015, she went back and took the main stage in 2017.

Her notoriety has been growing non stop in the last few years, she has been busy since her debut, despite her young age she already toured internationally  and holds multiple corporate sponsorship deals with companies such as Telecom, Firm Flow, Boom and even a Pepsi-Cola JA sponsorship.

In 2016, this young female artist  won “Young Hot and Hype Artiste” at the Youth View Awards; Break Out Celebrity of 2016, and Collaboration of The Year for her song “Loodi” with  which has been her most successful track to date and the single that launched her stellar career.

Since her rise to fame, she has been signed to her team Romeich Entertainment.

Listen to Shenseaa and rebel gal Stefflon Don Rebel Remix below, the single is paired with a cool animation video.

Shenseea, Stefflon Don “Rebel Remix” (Official Animation)

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Watch Likkle Addi ‘ Style’ Official Music Video Short Boss Muzik Vybz Kartel Muzik 2021

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Watch Likkle Addi ‘ Style’ Official Music Video Short Boss Muzik Vybz Kartel Muzik 2021 | MISS GAZA












likkle addi style new music 2021

Produced by Short Boss and Vybz Kartel Muzik. This track is a party tune to the maximum, inspiring every party goer to come through dressed in style and live life to the fullest!

Likkle Addi has been working non stop and releasing new music, getting better with every release.

The single is going incredible well and the music video that just dropped is going quickly viral, thanks to the party vibe and great visuals as well as the nice delivery.

Likkle Addi is becoming popular in no time, following his popular father music footsteps and with his mother following very closely every step of the projects he is involved too. In the new song, now paired with the viral music video Likkle Addi talks about his camp, UTG Uptown Greatness and how big they are getting.

Watch the music video and check. the full lyrics posted below. Available in all major music platforms get Likkle Addi’s new hit single ‘Style’ clicking on the banners posted on this page.

Likkle Addi ‘STYLE’ (Official Music Video)


UTG
Everybody like we style
UTG
Style mek everybody wah be with us

Uptown Gaza
We ah lead now
Bere hot song, money we ah pree yow
Doh laugh when ‘e (…..) out


Just mi cologne mek yuh gyal wah gimi –
Norbrook, why pree? Yeah mi reach out
Likkle Vybz and Likkle Addi dem ah speak bout
Drop a pic pon di gram
Bay gyal ah mad
Portmore, yeah di wul’ a Boston

Style mek everybody wah be with us
Money deyya nuff
Gyal (…..) to di style
And we nuh give a (we nuh give a)
Life too short so we live it up
Stylе mek everybody wah bе with us
Money deyya nuff
Gyal (…..) to di style
And we nuh give a (we nuh give a)
Life too short so we live it up

Music choose mi
Mi never choose it

Ina mi DNA, from a tender age mi prove it
Dancehall, yeah mi come yasso fi rule things
Who him? Likkle Addi, yeh, di new king
Money up, life ah shine like mi jewelry
UTG, been ah win we nuh di losing
Eyes pon di prize
Dah star ah shooting
Go fi more money never sekkle wid a few mill

Style mek everybody wah be with us
Money deyya nuff
Gyal (…..) to di style
And we nuh give a (we nuh give a)
Life too short so we live it up
Style mek everybody wah be with us
Money deyya nuff
Gyal (…..) to di style
And we nuh give a (we nuh give a)
Life too short so we live it up

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“Rising Point Riddim” Mix Sizzla, Busy Signal, Gyptian, Jah Cure Teejay Extended Play Records 2021

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rising pooint riddim mix sizzla, gyptian, busy signal, jah cure, teejay promo download 2021

Produced by Extended Play Records and Don’t Snooze Productions this new reggae & dancehall jam is packed with incredible tunes and an incredible line up of top Jamaican stars.

Voicing over “Rising Point Riddim” are veteran Jamaican superstars like Sizzla Kalonji, Busy Signal, Gyptian, Teejay, Jah Cure and many more recording artists.

This a catchy and melodic riddim with a song for everybody, bringing a warm, uplifting and positive vibe with it.

Check the full track listing, play the full “Rising Point Riddim” mix and support artists and producer purchasing your favorite song or the whole riddim clicking on the banners on this page.

Available for a limited amount of time the promo download posted after the audio mix, clicking on the button below.

Rising Point Riddim Mix Jah Cure,Busy Signal,Gyptian,Sizzla,Teejay & More

DWNLD RISING POINT RIDDIM PROMO

Rising Point Riddim Track List


Jah Cure – No Perfect Love
Busy Signal – Case
JDon Heights/Don’t Snooze Productions – Your Mines
Gyptian – Dry Your Tears
Press Kay – Toxic Love
Roxxie – Perpetual Love
Sizzla – Nah Sell Mi Soul
Teejay – Serious Times
Don Tippa – Today
Classical Eska/Extended Play Records – Tears of Joy

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Listen To Jamaican Artist Gyptian “Blessing” Konsequence Muzik 2021

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Listen To Jamaican Artist Gyptian “Blessing” Konsequence Muzik 2021 | MISS GAZA












gyptian blessings new single 2021

Listen to a new song from Jamaican reggae dancehall superstar Gyptian.

Titled “Blessing” and produced by Konsequence Muzik, Gyptian‘s new single is a sweet and positive anthem where the artist gives thanks for life.

The Jamaican artist, real name Windel Beneto Edwards, gives thanks for the air is breathing and what he was able to achieve with his music and much more.

Play Gyptian new anthem for 2021 Blessing and check the full lyrics to sing along posted after the official audio.

Fans of Gyptian check out also Rising Point Riddim, featuring another super good new Gyptian song, clicking here.

Blessing is available in all major music digital platforms, get it clicking on the banners posted on this page.

Gyptian – Blessing (Official Audio)

Gytian Blessing Lyrics


Konsequence Muzik
We next
Yea
Yea
Hey
Yea
These are the better days
Of my ways
Give thanks for the break of day
And for the air I breathe
Fi dem me seh yuh cahh pay
These are the brighter ways
Of my days
Give thanks for the life today
Glad I’m living today
Fi dem me cahh pay
Man a come from far
A nuh near yah suh no
Hold on tight pan life
And nah let go no
Nuff a feel pain and pressure
And nah stress out no
And even if yuh want help
But just don’t know
These are the better days
Of my ways
Give thanks for the break of day
Give thanks for the breathe I take
Fi dem me seh yuh cahh pay
These are the brighter days
Of my ways
Give thanks for my life today
Most of break a day

Oh
Latest style up inna me closet
Brand new 2020 Maserati
Kill dem dead
Killing everybody
If yuh wah learn
Den follow Gypy
Naturally
De gyal dem around me happy
Style original
And dem catchy catchy
Nuff people me hear a round de copy copy
Inna me style and me melodies yes
These are the brighter days
Of my ways
Give thanks at the break of day
Fi that me seh me give praise
Fi dem me cahh pay
No way
These are the better days
Of my ways
Give thanks for the break of day
And for the air I breathe
Fi dem me seh yuh cahh pay
These are the brighter ways
Of my days
Give thanks for the life today
Glad I’m living today
Fi dem me cahh pay
Man a come from far
A nuh near yah suh no
Hold on tight pan life
And nah let go no
Nuff a feel pain and pressure
And nah stress out no
And even if yuh want help
But just don’t know
These are the better days
Of my ways
Give thanks for the break of day
Give thanks for the breath I take
Fi dem me seh yuh cahh pay
These are the brighter days
Of my ways
Give thanks for my life today
Most of break a day

Oh
Latest style up inna me closet
Brand new 2020 Maserati
Kill dem dead
Killing everybody
If yuh wah learn
Den follow Gypy
Naturally
De gyal dem around me happy
Style original
And dem catchy catchy
Nuff people me hear a round de copy copy
Inna me style and me melodies, yeah yeah

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